Christine Cowie

Senior Research Fellow

Dr Christine Cowie is an environmental epidemiologist and Senior Research Fellow with the UNSW South West Sydney Clinical School and the Centre for Air Pollution, Energy and Health Research (CAR) based at the Woolcock Institute of Medical Research (WIMR). Her major research focus is in quantifying the health effects of air pollution exposures and developing appropriate tools for exposure measurement. She has a special interest in the health effects of traffic related exposures.

She has a broad background in environmental health, encompassing research, teaching at the University of Sydney in the Master of Public Health, and policy implementation with the NSW Health Department for over ten years as well as work with a Public Health Unit. Her work with the NSW Health Department’s Environmental Health Branch focussed on water quality and lead contamination issues and she established and managed the Water Unit within the EHB.

 

publications

Journal articles
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Salimi F; Hanigan I; Jalaludin B; Guo Y; Rolfe M; Heyworth JS; Cowie CT; Knibbs LD; Cope M; Marks GB; Morgan GG, 2020, 'Associations between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and Parkinson's disease prevalence: A cross-sectional study', Neurochemistry International, vol. 133, pp. 104615, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2019.104615
2020
Paton-Walsh C; Rayner P; Simmons J; Fiddes SL; Schofield R; Bridgman H; Beaupark S; Broome R; Chambers SD; Chang LTC; Cope M; Cowie CT; Desservettaz M; Dominick D; Emmerson K; Forehead H; Galbally IE; Griffiths A; Guérette ÉA; Haynes A; Heyworth J; Jalaludin B; Kan R; Keywood M; Monk K; Morgan GG; Duc HN; Phillips F; Popek R; Scorgie Y; Silver JD; Utembe S; Wadlow I; Wilson SR; Zhang Y, 2019, 'A clean air plan for Sydney: An overview of the special issue on air quality in New SouthWales', Atmosphere, vol. 10, pp. 774 - 774, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos10120774
2019
Hanigan IC; Rolfe MI; Knibbs LD; Salimi F; Cowie CT; Heyworth J; Marks GB; Guo Y; Cope M; Bauman A; Jalaludin B; Morgan GG, 2019, 'All-cause mortality and long-term exposure to low level air pollution in the ‘45 and up study’ cohort, Sydney, Australia, 2006–2015', Environment International, vol. 126, pp. 762 - 770, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.044
2019
Cowie CT; Garden F; Jegasothy E; Knibbs LD; Hanigan I; Morley D; Hansell A; Hoek G; Marks GB, 2019, 'Comparison of model estimates from an intra-city land use regression model with a national satellite-LUR and a regional Bayesian Maximum Entropy model, in estimating NO2 for a birth cohort in Sydney, Australia', Environmental Research, vol. 174, pp. 24 - 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.03.068
2019
Knibbs LD; Van Donkelaar A; Martin RV; Bechle MJ; Brauer M; Cohen DD; Cowie CT; Dirgawati M; Guo Y; Hanigan IC; Johnston FH; Marks GB; Marshall JD; Pereira G; Jalaludin B; Heyworth JS; Morgan GG; Barnett AG, 2018, 'Satellite-Based Land-Use Regression for Continental-Scale Long-Term Ambient PM 2.5 Exposure Assessment in Australia', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 52, pp. 12445 - 12455, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b02328
2018
Hansell AL; Bakolis I; Cowie CT; Belousova EG; Ng K; Weber-Chrysochoou C; Britton WJ; Leeder SR; Tovey ER; Webb KL; Toelle BG; Marks GB, 2018, 'Childhood fish oil supplementation modifies associations between traffic related air pollution and allergic sensitisation', Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, vol. 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0370-5
2018
Hime NJ; Marks GB; Cowie CT, 2018, 'A comparison of the health effects of ambient particulate matter air pollution from five emission sources', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061206
2018
Salimi F; Morgan G; Rolfe M; Samoli E; Cowie CT; Hanigan I; Knibbs L; Cope M; Johnston FH; Guo Y; Marks GB; Heyworth J; Jalaludin B, 2018, 'Long-term exposure to low concentrations of air pollutants and hospitalisation for respiratory diseases: A prospective cohort study in Australia', Environment International, vol. 121, pp. 415 - 420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.050
2018
Garden FL; Toelle BG; Mihrshahi S; Webb KL; Almqvist C; Tovey ER; Brew BK; Ayer JG; Skilton MR; Jones G; Ferreira MAR; Cowie CT; Weber-Chrysochoou C; Britton WJ; Celermajer DS; Leeder SR; Peat JK; Marks GB, 2018, 'Cohort profile: The childhood asthma prevention study (CAPS)', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 47, pp. 1736 - 1736K, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy078
2018
Knibbs LD; Woldeyohannes S; Marks GB; Cowie CT, 2018, 'Damp housing, gas stoves, and the burden of childhood asthma in Australia', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 208, pp. 299 - 302, http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja17.00469
2018
Hanigan IC; Williamson GJ; Knibbs LD; Horsley J; Rolfe MI; Cope M; Barnett AG; Cowie CT; Heyworth JS; Serre ML; Jalaludin B; Morgan GG, 2017, 'Blending multiple nitrogen dioxide data sources for neighborhood estimates of long-term exposure for health research', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 51, pp. 12473 - 12480, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03035
2017
Cowie CT; Ding D; Rolfe MI; Mayne DJ; Jalaludin B; Bauman A; Morgan GG, 2016, 'Neighbourhood walkability, road density and socio-economic status in Sydney, Australia', Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, vol. 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-016-0135-y
2016
Knibbs LD; Coorey CP; Bechle MJ; Cowie CT; Dirgawati M; Heyworth JS; Marks GB; Marshall JD; Morawska L; Pereira G; Hewson MG, 2016, 'Independent Validation of National Satellite-Based Land-Use Regression Models for Nitrogen Dioxide Using Passive Samplers', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 50, pp. 12331 - 12338, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b03428
2016
Marshall NS; Cowie CT, 2015, 'Completely scoobied: The confusing world of temperature and pollution effects on sleep apnoea', European Respiratory Journal, vol. 46, pp. 1251 - 1254, http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01155-2015
2015
Jalaludin B; Cowie C, 2014, 'Particulate air pollution and cardiovascular disease - It is time to take it seriously', Reviews on Environmental Health, vol. 29, pp. 129 - 132, http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2014-0031
2014
Rahman MB; Cowie C; Driscoll T; Summerhayes RJ; Armstrong BK; Clements MS, 2014, 'Colon and rectal cancer incidence and water trihalomethane concentrations in New South Wales, Australia', BMC Cancer, vol. 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-14-445
2014
Hansell AL; Rose N; Cowie CT; Belousova EG; Bakolis I; Ng K; Toelle BG; Marks GB, 2014, 'Weighted road density and allergic disease in children at high risk of developing asthma', PLoS ONE, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098978
2014
Cowie C; Rose N; Gillett R; Walter SR; Marks GB, 2012, 'Redistribution of traffic related air pollution associated with a new road tunnel', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 46, pp. 2918 - 2927, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es202686r
2012
Cowie C; Ezz W; Xuan W; Lilley W; Rose N; Rae M; Marks GB, 2012, 'A randomised cross-over cohort study of exposure to emissions from a road tunnel ventilation stack', BMJ Open, vol. 00, pp. 1 - 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001201
2012
Cowie C; Rose N; Ezz W; Xuan W; Cortes-Waterman A; Belousova EG; Toelle BG; Sheppeard V; Marks GB, 2012, 'Respiratory Health before and after the opening of a road traffic tunnel: a planned evaluation', PLoS One, vol. 7, pp. e48921, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048921
2012
Rahman MB; Driscoll T; Clements MS; Armstrong BK; Cowie C, 2011, 'Effects of tap water processing on the concentration of disinfection by-products', Journal of Water and Health, vol. 9, pp. 507 - 514, http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wh.2011.155
2011
Summerhayes RJ; Morgan G; Lincoln DJ; Edwards H; Earnest A; Rahman MB; Byleveld P; Cowie C; Beard J, 2011, 'Spatio-temporal variation in trihalomethanes in New South Wales', Water Research, vol. 45, pp. 5715 - 5726, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.08.045
2011
Rose N; Cowie C; Gillett R; Marks GB, 2011, 'Validation of a spatiotemporal land use regression model incorporating fixed site monitors', Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 45, pp. 294 - 299, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es100683t
2011
Rahman B; Driscoll T; Cowie C; Armstrong BK, 2010, 'Disinfection by-products in drinking water and colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 39, pp. 733 - 745, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp371
2010
Rose N; Cowie C; Gillett R; Marks GB, 2009, 'Weighted road density: A simple way of assigning traffic-related air pollution exposure', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 43, pp. 5009 - 5014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.06.049
2009
Hickey C; Cowie C, 2003, 'Taking the plunge: Recreational water quality guidelines', New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 14, pp. 177 - 177, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/nb03051
2003
Cowie C, 1998, 'Uproar at dancing rabbit creek: Battling over race, class, and the environment', ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY, vol. 25, pp. 178 - 182, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000076389400006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
1998
Pilotto LS; Douglas RM; Burch MD; Cameron S; Beers M; Rouch GJ; Robinson P; Kirk M; Cowie CT; Hardiman S; Moore C; Attewell RG, 1997, 'Health effects of exposure to cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) during recreational water-related activities', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 21, pp. 562 - 566, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842X.1997.tb01755.x
1997
Black DA; Fraser ID, 1997, 'Blood lead levels in preschool children in eastern Sydney', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 21, pp. 755 - 761
1997
Cowie C; Corbett S, 1994, 'Surveillance of rural drinking water quality in NSW', New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 5, pp. 35 - 35, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/nb94016
1994
J Ferson M; Williamson M; Cowie C, 1993, 'Gastroenteritis related to food and/or beach bathing', New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 4, pp. 76 - 76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/nb93036
1993
Corbett S; Cowie C, 1993, 'A clever country - the health benefits of removing lead from petrol', New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 4, pp. 121 - 121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/nb93058
1993
Reports
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Cole-Hunter T; Cowie CT; Johnstone F; Marks G; Morawska L; Morgan G; Overs M; Porta-Cubas A, 2019, Waste-to-Energy processes: what is the impact on air pollutants and health?, Queensland University of Technology, http://dx.doi.org/10.5204/rep.eprints.127966
2019
Hime N; Cowie C; Marks G, 2015, Evaluation of the health impacts of different sources, types and levels of particulate matter in ambient air in NSW., NSW EPA and NSW Health Ministry
2015
Cowie CT; Brew B; Liu-Brennan D; Marks G, 2014, Current Knowledge of Indoor Air Quality in NSW., NSW Health Ministry
2014
Jalaludin B; Cowie CT, 2012, Health Risk Assessment–Preliminary Work to Identify Concentration-Response Functions for Selected Ambient Air Pollutants
2012
Cowie CT; Rose N; Marks G; Lilley W; Gillett R, 2008, Development of Metrics for Individual Exposure Assessment to Traffic Related Air Pollution.
2008
Armstrong B; Cowie C; Driscoll T; Foster G; Deere D; Priestly B; Nossar G; Jalaludin B, 2007, Sewage Workers Study Report, Sydney Water Corporation
2007
Conference Abstracts
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Cowie C; Marks G, 2015, 'Current knowledge of indoor air pollution in Australian homes', in Respirology, Wiley, Queensland, AUSTRALIA, Vol. 20, pp. 49 - 49, presented at Thoracic Society Australia New Zealand Australian New Zealand Society Respiratory Science Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Queensland, AUSTRALIA, 27 March 2015 - 01 April 2015, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000351464400129&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2015
Cowie CT; Marks G, (ed.), 2015, 'Rethinking urban and transport planning policies to improve air quality and health', in Rethinking urban and transport planning policies to improve air quality and health, CASANZ, Melbourne, Australia, presented at CASANZ, Melbourne, Australia, 20 September 2015 - 23 September 2015
2015
Hime NJ; Marks GB; Cowie CT, (ed.), 2015, 'The health effects of particulate matter air pollution: Are all emissions sources equal?', in The health effects of particulate matter air pollution: Are all emissions sources equal?, CASANZ, Melbourne, Australia, presented at CASANZ, Melbourne, Australia, 20 September 2015 - 23 September 2015
2015
Cowie CT; Rose N; Gillett R; Marks G, (ed.), 2011, 'Air quality changes after commissioning of an urban road tunnel', in Air quality changes after commissioning of an urban road tunnel, ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, presented at ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, -
2011
Cowie CT; Ezz W; Xuan W; Lilley W; Rose N; Rae M; Marks GB, (ed.), 2011, 'Acute effects study of exposure to road tunnel ventilation stack emissions', in Acute effects study of exposure to road tunnel ventilation stack emissions, ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, presented at ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, -
2011
Cowie C; Driscoll TR; Armstrong BK; Foster G; Priestly B; Deere D; Nossar G; Jalaludin BB, 2006, 'Assessment of occupational exposure risks to sewage workers', in Epidemiology, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Paris, FRANCE, Vol. 17, pp. S510 - S511, presented at ISEE/ISEA 2006 Conference, Paris, FRANCE, 01 January 2006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-200611001-01373
2006
Conference Papers
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Cowie CT, 2012, 'Association between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and respiratory health in Sydney, Australia', in Epidemiology, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Columbia, South Carolina, presented at ISEE, Columbia, South Carolina, -
2012
Cowie CT, 2012, 'Respiratory health effects of traffic redistribution due to a new road tunnel', in Epidemiology, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Columbia, South Carolina, presented at ISEE, Columbia, South Carolina, -
2012
Morgan G; Summerhayes R; Lincoln D; Edwards H; Earnest A; Rahman B; Byleveld P; Cowie C; Beard J, 2011, 'Spatio-temporal variation in trihalomethanes in New South Wales', in Epidemiology (ed.), Spatio-temporal variation in trihalomethanes in New South Wales, ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, presented at ISEE, Barcelona, Spain, -
2011
Rahman MB; Clements M; Driscoll T; Cowie C; Summerhayes R; Armstrong B, 2010, 'Measures of Exposure to Water Disinfection Byproducts and the Effect of Exposure Measurement Error on Epidemiological Study Power Exposure and Susceptibility Biomarkers and Their Potential Application in Epidemiological Studies of Disinfection Byproducts', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, pp. S155 - S155, presented at Joint Conference of International-Society-of-Exposure-Science/International-Society-for-Environmental-Epidemiology, Seoul, SOUTH KOREA, 28 August 2010 - 01 September 2010, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000392148.66127.4f
2010
Cowie CT, 2010, 'Comparison of methods for estimation of exposure to traffic related NO2', in Epidemiology, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Dublin, Ireland, pp. S63 - S63, presented at ISEE, Dublin, Ireland, - , http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362897.54846.5a
2010
Rahman MB; Cowie C; Driscoll T; Amstrong B, 2009, 'Effects of Tap Water Processing on the Concentration of Disinfection By-Products in Water People Drink', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Dublin, IRELAND, pp. S74 - S74, presented at 21st Annual Conference of the International-Society-for-Environmental-Epidemiology, Dublin, IRELAND, 25 August 2009 - 29 August 2009, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362932.39364.ae
2009
Rahman MB; Cowie C; Driscoll T; Armstrong BK, 2008, 'Measurement of Water Consumption Behavior by Questionnaire and Diary for Estimation of DBP Absorption in Sydney, Australia', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Pasadena, CA, pp. S291 - S291, presented at 20th Annual Conference of the International-Society-for-Environmental-Epidemiology, Pasadena, CA, 12 October 2008 - 16 October 2008, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000260191901282&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2008
Cowie C; Driscoll T; Armstrong B; Foster G; Priestly B; Deere D, 2007, 'Assessment of occupational exposure risks to sewage workers', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Mexico City, MEXICO, pp. S204 - S205, presented at 19th Annual Conference of the International-Society-for-Environmental-Epidemiology, Mexico City, MEXICO, 05 September 2007 - 09 September 2007, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000249018300674&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2007
Rahman MB; Armstrong B; Cowie C; Driscoll T, 2007, 'Disinfection by-products in drinking water and colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Mexico City, MEXICO, pp. S211 - S211, presented at 19th Annual Conference of the International-Society-for-Environmental-Epidemiology, Mexico City, MEXICO, 05 September 2007 - 09 September 2007, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000249018300698&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2007
Cowie CT, 2003, 'Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Attributed to Private Water Supplies in NSW', in EPIDEMIOLOGY, LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Perth, Australia, pp. S49 - S50, presented at ISEE, Perth, Australia, - , http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-200309001-00103
2003