Rowena Bull

Associate Professor

I am an early career researcher studying viral evolution of RNA viruses, in particular, hepatitis C virus, norovirus and influenza. I have been investigating the viral and host factors that different RNA viruses use to generate diversity and maintain their survival in the population. We take an interdisciplinary approach involving cutting edge virological, immunological  and bioinformatic techniques. Our contribution to virology ranges from the development of virological in vitro based fitness assays, viral gene expression studies, molecular epidemiology, evolutionary analysis of adaptive immune responses against RNA viruses, and bioinformatics. A recent research focus has been the analysis of over 30 million nucleotides generated through next generation sequencing approaches in a longitudinal study of ten HCV infected patients (Bull, Luciani et al. PLoS pathogens 2011). 

Major Research Interests

  • Within-host evolutionary dynamics of RNA viruses including HCV, influenza, and NoV
  • Investigating the selective pressures of cellular and humoral immune responses against HCV

Research Experience

  • NHMRC Training Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, UNSW. 2010 – continuing.
  • Visiting Research Scientist, Stanford University, USA. 2011
  • Postdocotoral Research Fellow in Microbiology and Molecular Biology, University of New South Wales, UNSW. 2007 - 2010
  • Visiting Research Fellow, La Trobe University, Australia. 2008
  • PhD in 2007 at the University of New South Wales, Australia, in Molecular Biology and funded by an Australian Postgraduate Award.
  • Visiting Research Scientist, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, NIID, Tokyo, Japan 2006
  • B.Sc (Hons 1st class) in Medical Microbiology and Immunobiology, University of New South Wales, Australia 

publications

Journal articles
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Walker MR; Eltahla AA; Mina MM; Li H; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2020, 'Envelope-specific IgG3 and IgG1 responses are associated with clearance of acute hepatitis C virus infection', Viruses, vol. 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12010075
2020
Masavuli MG; Wijesundara DK; Underwood A; Christiansen D; Earnest-Silveira L; Bull R; Torresi J; Gowans EJ; Grubor-Bauk B, 2019, 'A hepatitis C virus DNA vaccine encoding a secreted, oligomerized form of envelope proteins is highly immunogenic and elicits neutralizing antibodies in vaccinated mice', Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 10, pp. 1145, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.01145
2019
Pirozyan MR; Nguyen N; Cameron B; Luciani F; Bull RA; Zekry A; Lloyd AR, 2019, 'Chemokine-Regulated Recruitment of Antigen-Specific T-Cell Subpopulations to the Liver in Acute and Chronic Hepatitis C Infection', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 219, pp. 1430 - 1438, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy679
2019
Abayasingam A; Leung P; Eltahla A; Bull RA; Luciani F; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate T; Page K; Bruneau J; Cox AL; Kim AY; Schinkel J; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Hellard M; Prins M; Lloyd A; Rodrigo C, 2019, 'Genomic characterization of hepatitis C virus transmitted founder variants with deep sequencing', Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 71, pp. 36 - 41, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2019.02.032
2019
Mekonnen ZA; Grubor-Bauk B; Masavuli MG; Shrestha AC; Ranasinghe C; Bull RA; Lloyd AR; Gowans EJ; Wijesundara DK, 2019, 'Toward DNA-based T-cell mediated vaccines to target HIV-1 and hepatitis C virus: Approaches to elicit localized immunity for protection', Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, vol. 9, pp. 91, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00091
2019
Rodrigo C; Leung P; Lloyd AR; Bull RA; Luciani F; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate T; Page K; Bruneau J; Cox AL; Osburn W; Kim AY; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Schinkel J; Prins M; Hellard M; Eltahla AA, 2019, 'Genomic variability of within-host hepatitis C variants in acute infection', Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 26, pp. 476 - 484, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.13051
2019
Wu BR; Eltahla AA; Keoshkerian E; Walker MR; Underwood A; Brasher NA; Agapiou D; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2019, 'A method for detecting hepatitis C envelope specific memory B cells from multiple genotypes using cocktail E2 tetramers', Journal of Immunological Methods, vol. 472, pp. 65 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jim.2019.06.016
2019
Kim KW; Horton JL; Pang CNI; Jain K; Leung P; Isaacs SR; Bull RA; Luciani F; Wilkins MR; Catteau J; Lipkin WI; Rawlinson WD; Briese T; Craig ME, 2019, 'Higher abundance of enterovirus A species in the gut of children with islet autoimmunity', Scientific Reports, vol. 9, pp. 1749, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38368-8
2019
Keck ZY; Pierce BG; Lau P; Lu J; Wang Y; Underwood A; Bull RA; Prentoe J; Velázquez-Moctezuma R; Walker MR; Luciani F; Guest JD; Fauvelle C; Baumert TF; Bukh J; Lloyd AR; Foung SKH, 2019, 'Broadly neutralizing antibodies from an individual that naturally cleared multiple hepatitis c virus infections uncover molecular determinants for E2 targeting and vaccine design', PLoS Pathogens, vol. 15, pp. e1007772, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007772
2019
Wang Z; Zhu L; Nguyen THO; Wan Y; Sant S; Quiñones-Parra SM; Crawford JC; Eltahla AA; Rizzetto S; Bull RA; Qiu C; Koutsakos M; Clemens EB; Loh L; Chen T; Liu L; Cao P; Ren Y; Kedzierski L; Kotsimbos T; McCaw JM; La Gruta NL; Turner SJ; Cheng AC; Luciani F; Zhang X; Doherty PC; Thomas PG; Xu J; Kedzierska K, 2018, 'Clonally diverse CD38+HLA-DR+CD8+ T cells persist during fatal H7N9 disease', Nature Communications, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03243-7
2018
Isaacs SR; Kim KW; Cheng JX; Bull RA; Stelzer-Braid S; Luciani F; Rawlinson WD; Craig ME, 2018, 'Amplification and next generation sequencing of near full-length human enteroviruses for identification and characterisation from clinical samples', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30322-y
2018
Underwood AP; Walker MR; Brasher NA; Eltahla AA; Maher L; Luciani F; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2018, 'Understanding the determinants of BnAb induction in acute HCV infection', Viruses, vol. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v10110659
2018
Eden J-S; Chisholm RH; Bull RA; White PA; Holmes EC; Tanaka MM, 2017, 'Persistent infections in immunocompromised hosts are rarely sources of new pathogen variants', VIRUS EVOLUTION, vol. 3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ve/vex018
2017
Leung P; Eltahla AA; Lloyd AR; Bull RA; Luciani F, 2017, 'Understanding the complex evolution of rapidly mutating viruses with deep sequencing: Beyond the analysis of viral diversity', Virus Research, vol. 239, pp. 43 - 54, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2016.10.014
2017
Bartlett SR; Wertheim JO; Bull RA; Matthews GV; Lamoury FMJ; Scheffler K; Hellard M; Maher L; Dore GJ; Lloyd AR; Applegate TL; Grebely J, 2017, 'A molecular transmission network of recent hepatitis C infection in people with and without HIV: Implications for targeted treatment strategies', Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 24, pp. 404 - 411, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12652
2017
Rodrigo C; Eltahla AA; Bull RA; Luciani F; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate T; Page K; Bruneau J; Morris MD; Cox AL; Osburn W; Kim AY; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Schinkel J; Prins M; Hellard M; Lloyd AR, 2017, 'Phylogenetic analysis of full-length, early infection, hepatitis C virus genomes among people with intravenous drug use: the InC3 Study', Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 24, pp. 43 - 52, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12616
2017
Eyre NS; Johnson SM; Eltahla AA; Aloi M; Aloia AL; McDevitt CA; Bull RA; Beard MR, 2017, 'Genome-wide mutagenesis of dengue virus reveals plasticity of the NS1 protein and enables generation of infectious tagged reporter viruses', Journal of Virology, vol. 91, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01455-17
2017
Rizzetto S; Eltahla A; Lin P; Bull R; Lloyd A; Ho J; Venturi V; Luciani F, 2017, 'Impact of sequencing depth and read length on single cell RNA sequencing data: lessons from T cells', , http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/134130
2017
Eltahla AA; Leung P; Pirozyan MR; Rodrigo C; Grebely J; Applegate T; Maher L; Luciani F; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2017, 'Dynamic evolution of hepatitis C virus resistance-associated substitutions in the absence of antiviral treatment', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep41719
2017
Rizzetto S; Eltahla AA; Lin P; Bull R; Lloyd AR; Ho JWK; Venturi V; Luciani F, 2017, 'Impact of sequencing depth and read length on single cell RNA sequencing data of T cells', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-12989-x
2017
Eltahla AA; Rodrigo C; Betz-Stablein B; Grebely J; Applegate T; Luciani F; Schinkel J; Dore GJ; Page K; Bruneau J; Morris MD; Cox AL; Kim AY; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Hellard M; Prins M; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2017, 'Analysis of resistance-associated substitutions in acute hepatitis C virus infection by deep sequencing across six genotypes and three continents', Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 24, pp. 37 - 42, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12615
2017
Rodrigo C; Walker MR; Leung P; Eltahla AA; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate T; Page K; Dwivedi S; Bruneau J; Morris MD; Cox AL; Osburn W; Kim AY; Schinkel J; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Hellard M; Prins M; Luciani F; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2017, 'Limited naturally occurring escape in broadly neutralizing antibody epitopes in hepatitis C glycoprotein E2 and constrained sequence usage in acute infection', Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 49, pp. 88 - 96, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2017.01.006
2017
Bartlett SR; Grebely J; Eltahla AA; Reeves JD; Howe AYM; Miller V; Ceccherini-Silberstein F; Bull RA; Douglas MW; Dore GJ; Harrington P; Lloyd AR; Jacka B; Matthews GV; Wang GP; Pawlotsky J-M; Feld JJ; Schinkel J; Garcia F; Lennerstrand J; Applegate TL, 2017, 'Sequencing of Hepatitis C Virus for Detection of Resistance to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy: A Systematic Review', HEPATOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS, vol. 1, pp. 379 - 390, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep4.1050
2017
Keoshkerian E; Hunter M; Cameron B; Nguyen N; Sugden P; Bull R; Zekry A; Maher L; Seddiki N; Zaunders J; Kelleher A; Lloyd AR; Dolan K; Haber P; Rawlinson W; Treloar C; Dore G; Luciani F, 2016, 'Hepatitis C-specific effector and regulatory CD4 T-cell responses are associated with the outcomes of primary infection', Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 23, pp. 985 - 993, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12576
2016
Bartlett SR; Jacka B; Bull RA; Luciani F; Matthews GV; Lamoury FMJ; Hellard ME; Hajarizadeh B; Teutsch S; White B; Maher L; Dore GJ; Lloyd AR; Grebely J; Applegate TL, 2016, 'HIV infection and hepatitis C virus genotype 1a are associated with phylogenetic clustering among people with recently acquired hepatitis C virus infection', Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 37, pp. 252 - 258, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2015.11.028
2016
Walker MR; Li H; Teutsch S; Betz-Stablein B; Luciani F; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2016, 'Incident hepatitis c virus genotype distribution and multiple infection in australian prisons', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 54, pp. 1855 - 1861, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00287-16
2016
Bull RA; Eltahla AA; Rodrigo C; Koekkoek SM; Walker M; Pirozyan MR; Betz-Stablein B; Toepfer A; Laird M; Oh S; Heiner C; Maher L; Schinkel J; Lloyd AR; Luciani F, 2016, 'A method for near full-length amplification and sequencing for six hepatitis C virus genotypes', BMC Genomics, vol. 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-2575-8
2016
Eltahla AA; Rizzetto S; Pirozyan MR; Betz-Stablein BD; Venturi V; Kedzierska K; Lloyd AR; Bull RA; Luciani F, 2016, 'Linking the T cell receptor to the single cell transcriptome in antigen-specific human T cells', Immunology and Cell Biology, vol. 94, pp. 604 - 611, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/icb.2016.16
2016
Rodrigo C; Eltahla AA; Bull RA; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate T; Page K; Bruneau J; Morris MD; Cox AL; Osburn W; Kim AY; Schinkel J; Shoukry NH; Lauer GM; Maher L; Hellard M; Prins M; Estes C; Razavi H; Lloyd AR; Luciani F, 2016, 'Historical Trends in the Hepatitis C Virus Epidemics in North America and Australia', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 214, pp. 1383 - 1389, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiw389
2016
Bretaña N; Boelen L; Bull R; Teutsch S; White P; Lloyd A; Luciani F, 2015, 'Transmission of Hepatitis C Virus among Prisoners, Australia, 2005–2012.', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 21, pp. 765 - 774, http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2105.141832
2015
Narayana SK; Helbig KJ; McCartney EM; Eyre NS; Bull RA; Eltahla A; Lloyd AR; Beard MR, 2015, 'The interferon-induced transmembrane proteins, IFITM1, IFITM2, and IFITM3 inhibit hepatitis C virus entry', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 290, pp. 25946 - 25959, http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.657346
2015
Eltahla AA; Luciani F; White PA; Lloyd AR; Bull RA, 2015, 'Inhibitors of the hepatitis C virus polymerase; mode of action and resistance', Viruses, vol. 7, pp. 5206 - 5224, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v7102868
2015
Lamoury FMJ; Jacka B; Bartlett S; Bull RA; Wong A; Amin J; Schinkel J; Poon AF; Matthews GV; Grebely J; Dore GJ; Applegate TL, 2015, 'The influence of hepatitis C virus genetic region on phylogenetic clustering analysis', PLoS ONE, vol. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131437
2015
Mina MM; Luciani F; Cameron B; Bull RA; Beard MR; Booth D; Lloyd AR, 2015, 'Resistance to hepatitis C virus: Potential genetic and immunological determinants', The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, pp. 451 - 460, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70965-X
2015
Bull RA; Leung P; Gaudieri S; Deshpande P; Cameron B; Walker M; Chopra A; Lloyd AR; Luciani F; Dolan K; Haber P; Rawlinson W; Treloar C; Dore G; Maher L, 2015, 'Transmitted/founder viruses rapidly escape from CD8+ T cell responses in acute hepatitis C virus infection', Journal of Virology, vol. 89, pp. 5478 - 5490, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.03717-14
2015
Leung P; Bull R; Lloyd A; Luciani F, 2014, 'A bioinformatics pipeline for the analyses of viral escape dynamics and host immune responses during an infection', BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, pp. 1 - 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/264519
2014
Leung P; Bull R; Lloyd A; Luciani F, 2014, 'Erratum to “A Bioinformatics Pipeline for the Analyses of Viral Escape Dynamics and Host Immune Responses during an Infection”.', BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/680249
2014
Töpfer A; Marschall T; Bull RA; Luciani F; Schönhuth A; Beerenwinkel N, 2014, 'Viral quasispecies assembly via maximal clique enumeration', Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 8394 LNBI, pp. 309 - 310, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05269-4-25
2014
Hartfield M; Bull R; White PA; Lloyd A; Luciani F; Alizon S, 2014, 'Evidence that hepatitis C virus genome partly controls infection outcome', Evolutionary Applications, vol. 7, pp. 533 - 547, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12151
2014
Wong KKY; Rockman SP; Wong C; Bull RA; Stelzer-Braid S; Rawlinson WD, 2013, 'Comparison of influenza virus replication fidelity in vitro using selection pressure with monoclonal antibodies', Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 85, pp. 1090 - 1094, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23532
2013
Sugden PB; Pham TN; Ratnarajah S; Cameron B; Bull R; White PA; Michalak TI; Lloyd AR, 2013, 'Rare occurrence of occult hepatitis C virus in apparently uninfected injecting drug users: a two-centre, masked, case-control study', J Viral Hepat, vol. 20, pp. 725 - 728, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12098
2013
Sugden PB; Cameron B; Bull RA; White PA; Lloyd AR, 2012, 'Occult infection with hepatitis C virus: friend or foe?', Immunology and Cell Biology, vol. 90, pp. 763 - 773, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/icb.2012.20
2012
Gouklani H; Bull RA; Beyer C; Coulibaly F; Gowens E; Drummer H; Netter H; White PA; Haqshenas G, 2012, 'Hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein 5B is involved in virus morphogenesis', Journal of Virology, vol. 86, pp. 5080 - 5088, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.07089-11
2012
Bull RA; Eden J-S; Luciani F; McElroy K; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2012, 'Contribution of intra- and interhost dynamics to norovirus evolution', Journal of Virology, vol. 86, pp. 3219 - 3229, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.06712-11
2012
Luciani F; Bull RA; Lloyd AR; Bull , 2012, 'Next generation deep sequencing and vaccine design: Today and tomorrow', Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 30, pp. 443 - 452, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2012.05.005
2012
Grebely J; Pham ST; Matthews G; Petoumenos K; Bull RA; Yeung B; Rawlinson WD; Kaldor JM; Lloyd AR; Hellard M; Dore GJ; White PA; Bull , 2012, 'Hepatitis C virus reinfection and superinfection among treated and untreated participants with recent infection', Hepatology, vol. 55, pp. 1058 - 1069, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.24754
2012
Bull RA; Hyde J; MacKenzie J; Hansman G; Oka T; Takeda N; White PA, 2011, 'Comparison of the replication properties of murine and human calicivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerases', Virus Genes, vol. 42, pp. 16 - 27, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11262-010-0535-y
2011
Bull RA; White PA, 2011, 'Mechanisms of GII.4 norovirus evolution', Trends in Microbiology, vol. 19, pp. 233 - 240, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2011.01.002
2011
Bull RA; Luciani F; McElroy K; Gaudieri S; Pham ST; Chopra A; Cameron B; Maher L; Dore GJ; White PA; Lloyd AR, 2011, 'Sequential Bottlenecks Drive Viral Evolution in Early Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection', PLoS Pathog, vol. 7, pp. e1002243, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002243
2011
Wong K; Bull RA; Stelzer-Braid S; Fennell M; Rawlinson WD, 2011, 'Effect of reassortment on the nucleotide and amino acid changes of human A/H3N2 RNP subunits during 1998-2009', Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 51, pp. 266 - 271, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2011.05.013
2011
Byun R; Sheppeard V; Bull R, 2010, 'Bug breakfast in the Bulletin: Gastroenteritis outbreaks in institutions.', New South Wales public health bulletin, vol. 21, pp. 267 - 268
2010
Pham STP; Bull RA; Bennett JM; Rawlinson WD; Lloyd AR; Dore GJD; White PA; Bull , 2010, 'Frequent multiple hepatitis C virus infections among injection drug users in a prison setting', Hepatology, vol. 52, pp. 1564 - 1572, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.23885
2010
Bull RA; Eden J-S; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2010, 'Rapid Evolution of Pandemic Noroviruses of the GII.4 lineage', PLoS Pathogens, vol. 6, pp. e1000831 - e1000831, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000831
2010
Eden J-S; Bull RA; Tu ET; McIver CJ; Michael JL; John AM; David WS; Jennie M; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2010, 'Norovirus GII.4 variant 2006b caused epidemics of acute gastroenteritis in Australia during 2007 and 2008', Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 49, pp. 265 - 271, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2010.09.001
2010
Tu ET; Bull RA; Greening G; Hewitt JE; Lyon M; Marshall J; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2008, 'Epidemics of gastroenteritis during 2006 were associated with the spread of norovirus GII.4 variants 2006a and 2006b', Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 46, pp. 413 - 420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/525259
2008
Tu ET; Bull RA; Kim M; Mciver CJ; Heron LG; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2008, 'Norovirus excretion in an aged-care setting', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 46, pp. 2119 - 2121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.02198-07
2008
Tu ET; Nguyen TV; Lee PJ; Bull RA; Musto JA; Hansman G; White PA; Rawlinson WD; Mciver CJ, 2007, 'Norovirus GII.4 strains and outbreaks, Australia', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, pp. 1128 - 1130, http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1307.060999
2007
Bull RA; Tanaka M; White PA, 2007, 'Norovirus recombination', Journal of General Virology, vol. 88, pp. 3347 - 3359, http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.83321-0
2007
Bull RA; Tu ET; Mciver CJ; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2006, 'Emergence of a new norovirus genotype II.4 variant associated with global outbreaks of gastroenteritis', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 44, pp. 327 - 333, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.44.2.327-333.2006
2006
Bull RA; Hansman G; Clancy LE; Tanaka M; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2005, 'Norovirus recombination in ORF1/ORF2 overlap', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, pp. 1079 - 1085, http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1107.041273
2005
Conference Papers
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Leung P; Bull R; Lloyd A; Luciani F, 2016, 'Co-evolving mutations in hepatitis C virus in the context of immune escape against neutralising antibody responses - A bioinformatic workflow for the analysis of co-evolving mutations in viral genomes', in International Workshop on Artificial Immune Systems, AIS 2015/ICSI3 2015 - Systems Immunology, Immunoinformatics and Immune-computation: Immunology without Borders, Proceedings, Sicily, Italy, presented at 2015 International Workshop on Artificial Immune Systems (AIS), Sicily, Italy, 17 July 2015 - 18 July 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AISW.2015.7469236
2016
Töpfer A; Marschall T; Bull RA; Luciani F; Schönhuth A; Beerenwinkel N, 2014, 'Viral quasispecies assembly via maximal clique enumeration', in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 309 - 310, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05269-4_25
2014
Boelen L; Bull RA; Teutsch S; Lloyd AR; Luciani F, 2013, 'MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS TO TRACK HCV TRANSMISSION IN HIGH-RISK COMMUNITIES: INJECTING DRUG USERS IN PRISONS OF NEW SOUTH WALES, AUSTRALIA', in JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS, pp. S193 - S193, presented at International Liver Congress / 48th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the-Study-of-the-Liver (EASL), Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS, 24 April 2013 - 28 April 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-8278(13)60473-0
2013
Luciani F; Bull RA; Cameron B; Gaudieri S; Nguyen N; Yuen D; White PA; Purcell DFJ; Foung S; Lloyd AR, 2012, 'IMMUNE RESPONSES AGAINST FOUNDER HEPATITIS C VIRUSES IN ACUTE ASYMPTOMATIC SUBJECTS', in JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Barcelona, SPAIN, pp. S312 - S312, presented at 47th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the-Study-of-the-Liver (EASL), Barcelona, SPAIN, 18 April 2012 - 22 April 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-8278(12)60809-5
2012
Luciani F; Bull R; Mcelroy K; Pham S; Cameron B; Chopra A; Gaudieri S; Cooper D; Lloyd A; White P, 2011, 'EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS DURING VERY EARLY INFECTIONS: VIROLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL INSIGHTS', in JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Berlin, GERMANY, pp. S18 - S18, presented at 46th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the-Study-of-the-Liver (EASL), Berlin, GERMANY, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-8278(11)60040-8
2011
Book Chapters
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Bull RA; Luciani F, 2016, 'Next-Generation Sequencing, What Has It Told Us So Far?', in Foodborne Viral Pathogens, CRC Press
2016
Bull RA; White PA, 2010, 'Genome organization and recombination', in Hansman GS; Jiang XJ; Green KY (ed.), Caliciviruses: Molecular and Cellular Virology, Caister Academic Press, Portland, USA, pp. 45 - 63, http://www.horizonpress.com/calicivirus
2010
Mciver CJ; Bull RA; Tu ET; Rawlinson WD; White PA, 2005, 'Norovirus and Sapovirus', in McIver CJ (ed.), A Compendium of Laboratory Diagnostic Methods for Common and Unusual Enteric Pathogens - an Australian Perspective, edn. 1, Australian Society of Microbiology, Australia, pp. 191 - 198
2005
Theses / Dissertations
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Bull RA, 2008, Mechanisms of replication and genomic diversity in Human Caliciviruses
2008