Michelle Tye

NHMRC Early Career Fellow
Senior Lecturer

Michelle is a NHMRC Early Career Research Fellow at the Black Dog Institute, UNSW. Her research is primarily in suicide prevention, with an specific interest in youth suicide prevention and understanding how early onset risk factors affect long term outcomes. Her current roles include being the Deputy Director for the evaluation of a large-scale systems approach suicide prevention trial ('LifeSpan') - which is the largest suicide prevention trial ever undertaken in Australia. She is also the principle investigator of the design and testing of an app for reducing suicidal thinking among young people, and is working with the NSW Department of Education to embed early childhood universal prevention programs for well being into primary schools. She has worked in academic research settings at UNSW for over 14 years (2005 - 2015 at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre; 2015 - present at the Black Dog Institute) across multiple epidemiological and clinical studies. She has a strong publication track record (50 papers; >920 citations, H-index: 18), and has been named on $20.5M of funding since 2016, despite only completing her PhD in 2015. Her supervisory experience to date includes 1 PhD candidate, and 6 ILP students. She has a strong focus on the development of students and emerging researchers, and runs a training and development group at Black Dog Institute and leads the capacity building work within the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Suicide Prevention.  

 

Journal articles
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Werner-Seidler A; Huckvale K; Larsen ME; Calear AL; Maston K; Johnston L; Torok M; O'Dea B; Batterham PJ; Schweizer S; Skinner SR; Steinbeck K; Ratcliffe J; Oei JL; Patton G; Wong I; Beames J; Wong QJJ; Lingam R; Boydell K; Salmon AM; Cockayne N; Mackinnon A; Christensen H, 2020, 'A trial protocol for the effectiveness of digital interventions for preventing depression in adolescents: The Future Proofing Study', Trials, vol. 21, pp. 2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3901-7
2020
McGillivray L; Torok M; Calear A; Shand F; Mackinnon A; Kuhnert RL; Batterham P; Rosebrock H; Mok K; Zbukvic I; Christensen H, 2020, 'Suicide prevention among young people: A study protocol for evaluating Youth Aware of Mental Health in Australian secondary schools.', Mental Health and Prevention, vol. 17, pp. 200178 - 200178, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mhp.2019.200178
2020
Torok M; Han J; Baker S; Werner-Seidler A; Wong I; Larsen ME; Christensen H, 2020, 'Suicide prevention using self-guided digital interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials', The Lancet Digital Health, vol. 2, pp. e25 - e36, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2589-7500(19)30199-2
2020
Reyes N; Boulton KA; Han J; Torok M; Wong QJJ, 2020, 'Cognitive Bias Modification for the Induction of Negative Versus Benign Interpretations of the Self in Individuals with Elevated Social Anxiety: Effects on Self-related and Anxiety Outcomes', Cognitive Therapy and Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-019-10074-3
2020
Batterham PJ; Han J; Mackinnon AJ; Werner-Seidler A; Calear AL; Wong Q; Torok M; Christensen H, 2020, 'Factors associated with engagement in online self-help programs among people with suicidal thoughts', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 265, pp. 402 - 409, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.044
2020
Larsen ME; Torok M; Onie S, 2020, 'Understanding the effects of a suicide prevention strategy at a jumping site', EClinicalMedicine, vol. 19, pp. 100278 - 100278, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100278
2020
Calear AL; Batterham PJ; Torok M; McCallum S, 2020, 'Help-seeking attitudes and intentions for generalised anxiety disorder in adolescents: the role of anxiety literacy and stigma', European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01512-9
2020
du Toit SA; Kade SA; Danielson CT; Schweizer S; Han J; Torok M; Wong QJJ, 2020, 'The effect of emotional working memory training on emotional and cognitive outcomes in individuals with elevated social anxiety', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 261, pp. 76 - 83, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.09.085
2020
Torok M; Calear AL; Smart A; Nicolopoulos A; Wong Q, 2019, 'Preventing adolescent suicide: A systematic review of the effectiveness and change mechanisms of suicide prevention gatekeeping training programs for teachers and parents', Journal of Adolescence, vol. 73, pp. 100 - 112, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.04.005
2019
Torok M; Rasmussen V; Wong Q; Werner-Seidler A; O'Dea B; Toumbourou J; Calear A, 2019, 'Examining the impact of the Good Behaviour Game on emotional and behavioural problems in primary school children: A case for integrating well-being strategies into education', Australian Journal of Education, vol. 63, pp. 292 - 306, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004944119878480
2019
Buscher R; Torok M; Sander L, 2019, 'The effectiveness of internet-based self-help interventions to reduce suicidal ideation: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 21, http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14174
2019
Werner-Seidler A; Wong Q; Johnston L; O'Dea B; Torok M; Christensen H, 2019, 'Pilot evaluation of the Sleep Ninja: A smartphone application for adolescent insomnia symptoms', BMJ Open, vol. 9, pp. e026502, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026502
2019
Wong QJJ; Werner-Seidler A; Torok M; Van Spijker B; Calear AL; Christensen H, 2019, 'Service use history of individuals enrolling in a Web-based suicidal ideation treatment trial: Analysis of baseline data', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 21, http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11521
2019
Han J; Torok M; Gale N; Wong QJJ; Werner-Seidler A; Hetrick SE; Christensen H, 2019, 'Use of web conferencing technology for conducting online focus groups among young people with lived experience of suicidal thoughts: Mixed methods research', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 21, pp. e14191, http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14191
2019
Hill NTM; Shand F; Torok M; Halliday L; Reavley NJ, 2019, 'Development of best practice guidelines for suicide-related crisis response and aftercare in the emergency department or other acute settings: A Delphi expert consensus study 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services', BMC Psychiatry, vol. 19, pp. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1995-1
2019
Torok M; Shand F; Phillips M; Meteoro N; Martin D; Larsen M, 2019, 'Data-informed targets for suicide prevention: a small-area analysis of high-risk suicide regions in Australia', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 54, pp. 1209 - 1218, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01716-8
2019
Torok M; Konings P; Batterham PJ; Christensen H, 2017, 'Spatial clustering of fatal, and non-fatal, suicide in new South Wales, Australia: Implications for evidence-based prevention', BMC Psychiatry, vol. 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-017-1504-y
2017
Torok M; Calear A; Shand F; Christensen H, 2017, 'A Systematic Review of Mass Media Campaigns for Suicide Prevention: Understanding Their Efficacy and the Mechanisms Needed for Successful Behavioral and Literacy Change', Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, vol. 47, pp. 672 - 687, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12324
2017
Darke S; Torok M; Ross J, 2017, 'Developmental trajectories to heroin dependence: Theoretical and clinical issues', Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 47, pp. 165 - 171, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12434
2017
Torok M; Darke S; Shand F; Kaye S, 2016, 'Investigating heterogeneity in violent offending liability among injection drug users from a developmental perspective', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 60, pp. 165 - 170, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.04.013
2016
Krysinska K; Batterham PJ; Tye M; Shand F; Calear AL; Cockayne N; Christensen H, 2016, 'Best strategies for reducing the suicide rate in Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 50, pp. 115 - 118, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867415620024
2016
Torok M; Darke S; Kaye S; Shand F, 2015, 'The association of early-life and substance use risks to violent offending among injecting drug users', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 34, pp. 10 - 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12126
2015
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2015, 'The health consequences of injecting tablet preparations: Foreign body pulmonary embolization and pulmonary hypertension among deceased injecting drug users', Addiction, vol. 110, pp. 1144 - 1151, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12930
2015
Darke S; Torok M; Duflou J, 2014, 'Circumstances and toxicology of sudden or unnatural deaths involving alprazolam', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 138, pp. 61 - 66, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.01.023
2014
Darke S; Torok M, 2014, 'The association of childhood physical abuse with the onset and extent of drug use among regular injecting drug users', Addiction, vol. 109, pp. 610 - 616, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12428
2014
Torok M; Darke S; Shand F; Kaye S, 2014, 'Violent offending severity among injecting drug users: Examining risk factors and issues around classification', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 39, pp. 1773 - 1778, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.07.002
2014
Darke S; Torok M; Duflou J, 2014, 'Sudden or unnatural deaths involving anabolic-androgenic steroids', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 59, pp. 1025 - 1028, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.12424
2014
Kaye SS; Darke S; Torok M, 2013, 'Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among illicit psychostimulant users: a hidden disorder?', Addiction, vol. 108, pp. 923 - 931, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12086
2013
Darke S; Torok M; Duflou J, 2013, 'Contributory and incidental blood concentrations in deaths involving Citalopram', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 58, pp. 432 - 435, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.12046/pdf
2013
Kaye SS; Darke S; Torok M, 2013, 'Diversion and misuse of pharmaceutical stimulants among illicit drug users', Addiction Research and Theory, vol. Advanced online publication, pp. 1 - 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2013.779677
2013
van de Glind G; Van den brink W; Koeter MWJ; Carpentier P-J; Van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen K; Kaye SS; Skutle A; Bu EH; Franck J; Konstenius ; Moggi F; Dom G; Verspreet ; Demetrovics Z; Kapitany-Foveny M; Fatseas M; Auriacombe M; Schillinger A; Seitz A; Johnson B; Faraone SV; Ramos-Quiroga JA; Casas M; Allsop S; Carruthers S; Barta C; Schoevers RA; Levin FR, 2013, 'Validity of the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) as a screener for adult ADHD in treatment seeking substance use disorder patients', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. Advanced online publication, pp. 1 - 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.04.010
2013
Darke S; Torok M, 2013, 'Attitudes of regular injecting drug users towards the legal status of the major illicit drugs', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. Advanced online publication, pp. 1 - 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12050/full
2013
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M; Prolov T, 2013, 'Characteristics, circumstances and toxicology of sudden or unnatural deaths involving very high-range alcohol concentrations', Addiction, vol. 108, pp. 1411 - 1417, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12191
2013
Darke S; Torok M, 2013, 'Childhood physical abuse, non-suicidal self-harm and attempted suicide amongst regular injecting drug users', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 133, pp. 420 - 426, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.06.026
2013
McDonald S; Darke S; Kaye SS; Torok M, 2013, 'Deficits in social perception in opioid maintenance patients, abstinent opioid users and non-opioid users', Addiction, vol. 108, pp. 566 - 574, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12040
2013
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M; Prolov T, 2013, 'Toxicology, circumstances and pathology of deaths from acute alcohol toxicity', Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, vol. 20, pp. 1122 - 1125, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2013.09.002
2013
Darke S; McDonald S; Kaye SS; Torok M, 2012, 'Prevalence and correlates of traumatic brain injury amongst heroin users', Addiction Research and Theory, vol. 20, pp. 522 - 528, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2012.672600
2012
Darke S; Kaye SS; Torok M, 2012, 'Age-related patterns of drug use initiation among polydrug using regular psychostimulant users', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 784 - 789, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00436.x/pdf
2012
Torok M; Darke S; Kaye SS, 2012, 'Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and severity of substance use: the role of comorbid psychopathology', Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 26, pp. 974 - 979, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0027846
2012
Darke S; McDonald S; Kaye SS; Torok M, 2012, 'Comparative patterns of cognitive performance amongst opioid maintenance patients, abstinent opioid users and non-opioid users', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 126, pp. 309 - 315, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.05.032
2012
Torok M; Darke S; Kaye SS, 2012, 'Predisposed violent drug users versus drug users who commit violence: Does the order of onset translate to differences in the severity of violent offending?', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 558 - 565, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00332.x/full
2012
Torok M; Darke S; Kaye SS; Ross JE, 2011, 'Conduct disorder as a risk factor for violent victimization and offending among regular illicit drug users', Journal of Drug Issues, vol. 41, pp. 25 - 43
2011
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2011, 'Toxicology and characteristics of fatal oxycodone toxicity cases in New South Wales, Australia 1999-2008', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 56, pp. 690 - 693, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01703.x
2011
Darke S; Torok M; McKetin R; Kaye SS; Ross JE, 2011, 'Patterns of psychological distress related to regular methamphetamine and opioid use', Addiction Research and Theory, vol. 19, pp. 121 - 127, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/16066351003695631
2011
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2010, 'The comparative toxicology and major organ pathology of fatal methadone and heroin toxicity cases', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 106, pp. 1 - 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.07.014
2010
Darke S; Torok M; Kaye SS; Ross JE; McKetin R, 2010, 'Comparitive rates of violent crime among regular methamphetamine and opioid users: offending and victimization', Addiction, vol. 105, pp. 916 - 919, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02872.x
2010
Darke S; Torok M; Kaye SS; Duflou J, 2010, 'Cardiovascular disease risk factors and symptoms among regular psychostimulant users', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 29, pp. 371 - 377, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2009.00158.x
2010
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2010, 'Comparitive Toxicology of Intentional and Accidental Heroin Overdose', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 55, pp. 1015 - 1018, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01385.x
2010
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2010, 'A reduction in blood morphine concentrations amongst heroin overdose fatalities associated with a sustained reduction in street heroin purity', Forensic Science International, vol. 198, pp. 118 - 120, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.01.015
2010
Darke S; Torok M; Kaye SS; Ross JE, 2010, 'Attempted suicide, self-harm, and violent victimization among regular illicit drug users', Suicide and Life - Threatening Behavior, vol. 40, pp. 587 - 596, http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/suli.2010.40.6.587
2010
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2009, 'Drugs and violent death: comparative toxicology of homicide and non-substance toxicity suicide victims', Addiction, vol. 104, pp. 1000 - 1005, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02565.x
2009
Darke S; Duflou J; Torok M, 2009, 'Toxicology and circumstances of completed suicide by means other than overdose', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 54, pp. 490 - 494, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00967.x
2009
Lee S; Torok M; Shand F; Chen N; McGillivray L; Burnett A; Larsen ME; Mok K, 'Using Facebook to recruit general community into a suicide prevention survey: cost-effectiveness and representativeness (Preprint)', , http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/preprints.18762
Conference Papers
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Larsen ME; Torok M; Huckvale K; Reda B; Berrouiguet S; Christensen H, 2019, 'Geospatial suicide clusters and emergency responses: An analysis of text messages to a crisis service', in Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, IEEE, pp. 6109 - 6112, presented at 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), 23 July 2019 - 27 July 2019, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856909
2019
Book Chapters
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Calear A; Werner-Seidler A; Tye M; Christensen H, 2018, 'School-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression', in Leschied AW; Saklofske DH; Flett GL (ed.), Handbook of School-Based Mental Health Promotion, Springer, pp. 279 - 297, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89842-1_16
2018
Other
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Batterham PJ; Torok M; Krysinska K; Shand F; Calear AL; Cockayne N; Christensen HM, 2016, Best strategies for reducing the suicide rate in Australia: Response to pirkis, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867416638518
2016
Books
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Darke S; Torok M; Kaye SS; Duflou J, 2009, Cardiovascular disease risk factors and symptoms among regular psychostimulant users, 4, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2009.00158.x
2009
  • Tye, M. Early Career Research Award – Innovation. The Mental Health Services Awards.
  • Tye, M. NSW Young Tall Poppy. Australian Institute of Policy and Science.
  • Tye, M. Academic Women in Leadership Program (AWIL), UNSW.
  • Digital Dog team. 2017 UNSW Innovation of the Year Award - Black Dog Institute's Digital Dog, UNSW.
  • Torok, M. Black Dog Institute Travel Award to attend the International Association for Suicide Prevention Annual meeting, Tokyo, Japan: $3,500.00
  • Torok, M. Best poster presentation (runner up) at the Brain Sciences Symposium, Sydney: $250.00
  • Torok, M. Introductory Analysis of Linked Data (PUBH5215) Course, University of Sydney.
  • CRESP Research Group. Research Focus Award 2015 awarded to the NHMRC Centre of Research Exellence in Suicide Prevention for influential and enduring contribution to the evidence base for suicide prevention, The Mental Health Services (TheMHS).
  • CRESP Research Group. LiFE Award for Excellence in Research for the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Suicide Prevention, Suicide Prevention Australia.
  • Torok, M. Recipient of the Faculty of Medicine Dean’s List Award for Outstanding Research, UNSW. 
  • Torok, M. UNSW Faculty of Medicine Postgraduate Research Travel Scheme to present at the Society for Prevention Research 21st Annual Meeting, $2, 500. 

 

  • Shand, F., Larsen, M., Tye, M. Rapid review of aftercare. Sax Institute. Value $25,000.
  • Torok, M. Cyberbullying and suicide prevention. Black Dog Foundation. Value: $75,000
  • CIs: O’Dea, B., Larsen, M., MacKinnon, A., Glozier, N. AIs: Werner-Seidler, A., Torok, M. Using social media data to identify markers of depression risk among individuals: A longitudinal cohort study (APP1165233). NHMRC Project Grant. Value: $324,452.40
  • Torok, M. The Good Behaviour Game. IMPACT Philanthropy Application Program. Value: $27,456.
  • Cockayne, N., Eliff, K., Torok, M., Christensen, H. Development of an app for managing suicide risk in youth. SVA Diversified Impact Fund. Value: $165,400.
  • Centre for Research Excellence in Suicide Prevention: CRESP II. National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Research Excellence (APP1152952). Chief Investigators:  Christensen, H., Venkatesh, S., Boydell, K., Shand, F., Harvey, S., Batterham, P., Calear, A., Carter, G., Larsen, M., Robinson, J. Associate Investigators: Teesson, M., O'Dea, B., Shaw, F., Cutler, H., Huckvale, K., Torok, M., Boonstra, T., Ooie, J., Proudfoot, J., Li, A., Epps, J. Value: $2.46M
  • Torok, M., Cockayne, N. Anika Foundation Scholarship for PhD in Suicide Prevention. $105,000. Anika Foundation.
  • Torok, M. National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship (APP1138710): A developmental approach to suicide prevention and related harm among Australian youth. Value: $327,952.00.
  • Chief Investigators: Christensen, H., Venkatesh, S., Werner-Seidler, A., Calear, A., Mackinnon, A., Hudson, J., Oei, J-L., Larsen, M., Batterham, P. Associate Investigators: Torok, M., Patton, G., Ratcliffe, J., Shaw, F., Simpson, S., Skinner, S., Steinbeck, K., Teesson, M. A RCT of depression prevention in adolescents: The Future Proofing trial (APP1138405), NHMRC Project Grant (Category 1), Value: $2.18M
  • Torok, M. Society for Mental Health Research Early Career Scholar project grant for Exploring early pathways to mental illness and related harms. An implementation, feasibility, and acceptability study, Value; $20,000.
  • Torok, M. Black Dog Institute Seed Funding for Exploring early pathways to mental illness and related harms. An implementation, feasibility, and acceptability study, Value; $20,000
  • Christensen, H., Torok, M., Shand, F., Cockayne, Batterham, Calear. Paul Ramsay Foundation for the systems approach to suicide prevention (philanthropic grant). Value: $14.76m.
  • Christensen, H., Torok, M., Shand, F., Cockayne, N. Department of Health tender for the provision of a supporting resource for primary health networks on evidence-based suicide prevention strategies (Health/060/1516), Value: $98,000.00.