Boaz Shulruf

Professor

Boaz Shulruf is Professor in Medical Education. His main research interest is in the area of psycho-educational assessment in higher education, particularly within the context of Medical and Health Sciences Education. Boaz’s expertise is in quantitative research methodologies and educational assessment and psychometrics.  Boaz is an active member of a number of research groups in Australia New Zealand and overseas. Boaz’s current research projects are:

  • Standard setting in educational assessment: Pass/fail decision making over borderline grades;
  • Medical student selection and university admission policies;
  • Development of observational tools for measuring individuals and teams performance;
  • Assessment within cross cultural contexts;
  • Student perceptions of learning environment and learning experiences;
  • Assessing educational impacts.
  • Assessing clinical performance

Opportunities for PhD and Masters projects

For enquiries about undertaking PhD or Masters projects related to any of topics listed above or any other topics related to medical education, please contact Prof Boaz Shulruf b.shulruf@unsw.edu.au   

Consultancy

Boaz is available for consultancy services in the areas of quantitative research methodologies, assessment and psychometrics. The consultancy may include but not limited to: Research design and sampling; designing the measurment tools (quesitonnaire, observational tools etc) planning and undertaking the statistical analysis.  

Journal articles
add
Chan BS; Cheng S; Isoardi KZ; Chiew A; Siu W; Shulruf B; Vecellio E; Buckley NA, 2020, 'Effect of age on the severity of chronic lithium poisoning', Clinical Toxicology, pp. 1 - 5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2020.1726376
2020
Wu SH; Huang CC; Huang SS; Yang YY; Liu CW; Shulruf B; Chen CH, 2020, 'Effect of virtual reality training to decreases rates of needle stick/sharp injuries in new-coming medical and nursing interns in Taiwan', Journal of educational evaluation for health professions, vol. 17, pp. 1, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.1
2020
Yeng T; O'Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2020, 'A proposal to introduce dental trauma into medical education: An insight', Dental Traumatology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12542
2020
Yeng T; O'Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2020, 'Dental trauma learning facilitators for medical doctors: A viewpoint', Dental Traumatology, vol. 36, pp. 212 - 214, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12541
2020
Yeng T; O'Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2020, 'Identifying barriers that affect medical doctors' learning of dental trauma', AUSTRALASIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol. 13, pp. 26 - 31, http://dx.doi.org/10.35841/1836-1935.13.1.26-31
2020
Yeng T; O’Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Learning about dental trauma for medical students', Dental Traumatology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12530
2019
Taylor S; Haywood M; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Comparison of the effects of simulated patient clinical skill training and student roleplay on objective structured clinical examination performance among medical students in Australia', Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, vol. 16, pp. 3, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.3
2019
Yang YY; Shulruf B, 2019, 'An expert-led and artificial intelligence system-assisted tutoring course to improve the confidence of Chinese medical interns in suturing and ligature skills: A prospective pilot study', Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, vol. 16, pp. 7, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.7
2019
Dubbai H; Adelstein BA; Taylor S; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Definition of professionalism and tools for assessing professionalism in pharmacy practice: A systemic review', Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, vol. 16, pp. 22, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.22
2019
Huang PH; Haywood M; O’Sullivan A; Shulruf B, 2019, 'A meta-analysis for comparing effective teaching in clinical education', Medical Teacher, vol. 41, pp. 1129 - 1142, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2019.1623386
2019
Shulruf B; Velan G; Forster L; O'Sullivan A; Harris P; Taylor S, 2019, 'Insights into student assessment outcomes in rural clinical campuses', BMC Medical Education, vol. 19, pp. 380, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1828-z
2019
Yeng T; O'Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Appropriate management of traumatic dental injuries at the hospital emergency department provides a positive impact on patient outcomes: exemplar case study', AUSTRALASIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol. 12, pp. 255 - 262, http://dx.doi.org/10.35841/1836-1935.12.9.255-262
2019
Yu E; Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Quantitative analysis of arterial supply to the developing brain in tetrapod vertebrates', Anatomical Record, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24317
2019
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B; Gurovich Y, 2019, 'Quantitative Analysis of the Timing of Development of the Cerebellum and Precerebellar Nuclei in Monotremes, Metatherians, Rodents, and Humans', Anatomical Record, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24295
2019
Li J; Thompson R; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Struggling with strugglers: Using data from selection tools for early identification of medical students at risk of failure', BMC Medical Education, vol. 19, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1860-z
2019
Griffin B; Auton J; Duvivier R; Shulruf B; Hu W, 2019, 'Applicants to medical school: if at first they don’t succeed, who tries again and are they successful?', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 24, pp. 33 - 43, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-9847-9
2019
Huang SS; Huang CC; Yang YY; Wang SJ; Shulruf B; Chen CH, 2019, 'Dreyfus scale-based feedback increases the medical student's satisfaction with the complex cluster part of the interviewing and physical examination course and skills' readiness in Taiwan', Journal of educational evaluation for health professions, vol. 16, pp. 30, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.30
2019
Moyo M; Shulruf B; Weller J; Goodyear-Smith F, 2019, 'Effect of medical students' values on their clinical decision-making', Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 11, pp. 64 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/HC18055
2019
Jakobovich R; Shoval E; Berry EM; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Supporting children to act as change agents for parents in preparing their lunch box', Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 44, pp. 153 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1836939119831887
2019
Carragher N; Templin J; Jones P; Shulruf B; Velan G, 2019, 'Digital Module 04: Diagnostic Measurement: Modeling Checklists for Practitioners https://ncme.elevate.commpartners.com', Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, vol. 38, pp. 89 - 91, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/emip.12251
2019
Griffin B; Bayl-Smith P; Duvivier R; Shulruf B; Hu W, 2019, 'Retest effects in medical selection interviews', Medical Education, vol. 53, pp. 175 - 183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13759
2019
Yeng T; O’Sullivan AJ; Shulruf B, 2019, 'Medical doctors’ knowledge of dental trauma management: A review', Dental Traumatology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12518
2019
Griffin B; Auton J; Duvivier R; Shulruf B; Hu W, 2018, 'Multiple mini interviews: Revealing similarities across institutions', BMC Medical Education, vol. 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1298-8
2018
Shulruf B; Adelstein BA; Damodaran A; Harris P; Kennedy S; O'Sullivan A; Taylor S, 2018, 'Borderline grades in high stakes clinical examinations: Resolving examiner uncertainty', BMC Medical Education, vol. 18, pp. 272, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1382-0
2018
Ross J; Greaves J; Earls P; Shulruf B; Van Es SL, 2018, 'Digital versus traditional: are diagnostic accuracy rates similar for glass slides versus whole slide images in a non‐gynaecological external quality assurance setting?', Cytopathology, vol. 29, pp. 326 - 334, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12552
2018
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2018, 'Quantitative Analysis of the Maturation of the Main and Accessory Olfactory Systems in Monotremes and Metatherians in Comparison to Rodents and Humans', Anatomical Record, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.23806
2018
Shulruf B; Bagg W; Begun M; Hay M; Lichtwark I; Turnock A; Warnecke E; Wilkinson TJ; Poole PJ, 2018, 'The efficacy of medical student selection tools in Australia and New Zealand', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 208, pp. 214 - 218, http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja17.00400
2018
Dyson B; Cowan J; Gordon B; Powell D; Shulruf B, 2018, 'Physical education in Aotearoa New Zealand primary schools: Teachers’ perceptions and policy implications', European Physical Education Review, vol. 24, pp. 467 - 486, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1356336X17698083
2018
Shulruf B; Damodaran A; Jones P; Kennedy S; Mangos G; O'Sullivan AJ; Rhee J; Taylor S; Velan G; Harris P, 2018, 'Enhancing the defensibility of examiners' marks in high stake OSCEs', BMC medical education, vol. 18, pp. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-017-1112-z
2018
Roper L; Shulruf B; Jorm C; Currie J; Gordon CJ, 2018, 'Validation of the self-assessment teamwork tool (SATT) in a cohort of nursing and medical students', Medical Teacher, vol. 40, pp. 1072 - 1075, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2017.1418849
2018
Taylor S; Bobba S; Roome S; Ahmadzai M; Tran D; Vickers D; Bhatti M; De Silva D; Dunstan L; Falconer R; Kaur H; Kitson J; Patel J; Shulruf B, 2018, 'Simulated patient and role play methodologies for communication skills training in an undergraduate medical program: Randomized, crossover trial', Education for Health: Change in Learning and Practice, vol. 31, pp. 10 - 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1357-6283.239040
2018
Chong L; Taylor S; Haywood M; Adelstein BA; Shulruf B, 2018, 'Examiner seniority and experience are associated with bias when scoring communication, but not examination, skills in objective structured clinical examinations in Australia', Journal of educational evaluation for health professions, vol. 15, pp. 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2018.15.17
2018
Zhang HH; Hepschke JL; Shulruf B; Francis IC; Spencer SKR; Coroneo M; Agar A, 2018, 'Sharpening the focus on ophthalmology teaching: perceptions of medical students and junior medical officers', Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 46, pp. 984 - 993, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13342
2018
Shulruf B; Coombes L; Damodaran A; Freeman A; Jones P; Lieberman S; Poole P; Rhee J; Wilkinson T; Harris P, 2018, 'Cut-scores revisited: Feasibility of a new method for group standard setting', BMC Medical Education, vol. 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1238-7
2018
Shulruf B; Booth R; Baker H; Bagg W; Barrow M, 2017, 'Using the Objective Borderline Method (OBM) to support Board of Examiners’ decisions in a medical programme', Journal of Further and Higher Education, vol. 41, pp. 425 - 434, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2015.1117603
2017
Eggleton K; Goodyear-Smith F; Henning M; Jones R; Shulruf B, 2017, 'A psychometric evaluation of the University of Auckland General Practice Report of Educational Environment: UAGREE', Education for Primary Care, vol. 28, pp. 86 - 93, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14739879.2016.1268934
2017
Moalem-Taylor G; Baharuddin B; Bennett B; Krishnan AV; Huynh W; Kiernan MC; Shin-Yi Lin C; Shulruf B; Keoshkerian E; Cameron B; Lloyd A, 2017, 'Immune dysregulation in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08123-6
2017
Damodaran A; Shulruf B; Jones P, 2017, '‘Trust’ versus ‘competency’ in the workplace', Medical Education, vol. 51, pp. 338, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13203
2017
Chong L; Taylor S; Haywood M; Adelstein BA; Shulruf B, 2017, 'The sights and insights of examiners in objective structured clinical examinations', Journal of educational evaluation for health professions, vol. 14, pp. 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.34
2017
Shih P; Velan GM; Shulruf B, 2017, 'Shared values and socio-cultural norms: E-learning technologies from a social practice perspective', Issues in Educational Research, vol. 27, pp. 550 - 566, http://www.iier.org.au/iier27/2017conts.html
2017
Damodaran A; Shulruf B; Jones P, 2017, 'Trust and risk: a model for medical education', Medical Education, vol. 51, pp. 892 - 902, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13339
2017
Moyo M; Goodyear-Smith FA; Weller J; Robb G; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Healthcare practitioners’ personal and professional values', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 21, pp. 257 - 286, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-015-9626-9
2016
Gordon B; Dyson B; Cowan J; McKenzie A; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Teachers’ Perceptions of Physical Education in Aotearoa/New Zealand Primary Schools', New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, vol. 51, pp. 99 - 111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40841-016-0042-3
2016
Taylor S; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Australian medical students have fewer opportunities to do physical examination of peers of the opposite gender', Journal of educational evaluation for health professions, vol. 13, pp. 42, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2016.13.42
2016
Ekeroma AJ; Shulruf B; McCowan L; Hill AG; Kenealy T, 2016, 'Development and use of a research productivity assessment tool for clinicians in low-resource settings in the Pacific Islands: A Delphi study', Health Research Policy and Systems, vol. 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12961-016-0077-4
2016
Naumann FL; Marshall S; Shulruf B; Jones PD, 2016, 'Exploring examiner judgement of professional competence in rater based assessment', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 21, pp. 775 - 788, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-016-9665-x
2016
Ma C; Harris P; Cole A; Jones P; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Selection into medicine using interviews and other measures: Much remains to be learned', Issues in Educational Research, vol. 26, pp. 623 - 634
2016
Shulruf B; Wilkinson T; Weller J; Jones P; Poole P, 2016, 'Insights into the Angoff method: Results from a simulation study', BMC Medical Education, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0656-7
2016
Askew C; Dixon R; McCormick R; Callaghan K; Wang GY; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Facilitators and barriers to doctoral supervision: A case study in health sciences', Issues in Educational Research, vol. 26, pp. 1 - 9
2016
Gordon B; Dyson B; Cowan J; McKenzie A; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Erratum to: Teachers’ Perceptions of Physical Education in Aotearoa/New Zealand Primary Schools (NZ J Educ Stud, (2016), 10.1007/s40841-016-0042-3)', New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, vol. 51, pp. 137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40841-016-0043-2
2016
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Quantitative comparison of cerebral artery development in metatherians and monotremes with non-human eutherians', Journal of Anatomy, vol. 228, pp. 384 - 395, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12422
2016
Gordon CJ; Jorm C; Shulruf B; Weller J; Currie J; Lim R; Osomanski A, 2016, 'Development of a self-assessment teamwork tool for use by medical and nursing students', BMC Medical Education, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0743-9
2016
Gordon B; Dyson B; Cowan J; McKenzie A; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Teachers' Perceptions of Physical Education in Aotearoa/New Zealand Primary Schools (vol 51, pg 99, 2016)', NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, vol. 51, pp. 137 - 137, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000412508300014&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2016
Shulruf B; Jones P; Turner R, 2015, 'Using Student Ability and Item Difficulty for Standard Setting', Higher Education Studies, vol. 5, pp. 106 - 118, http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/hes.v5n4p
2015
Ekeroma A; Kenealy T; Shulruf B; Hill A, 2015, 'Educational and wider interventions that increase research activity and capacity of clinicians in low to middle income countries: A systematic review and narrative synthesis', Research and Development, vol. 3, pp. 1 - 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/jrd.1000120
2015
Ekeroma AJ; Kenealy T; Shulruf B; Nosa V; Hill A, 2015, 'Building Capacity for Research and Audit: Outcomes of a Training Workshop for Pacific Physicians and Nurses', Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 3, http://dx.doi.org/10.11114/jets.v3i4.774
2015
Shulruf B; Shaw J, 2015, 'How the admission criteria to a competitive-entry undergraduate programme could be improved', Higher Education Research and Development, vol. 34, pp. 397 - 410, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2014.956693
2015
Velan GM; Goergen SK; Grimm J; Shulruf B, 2015, 'Impact of Interactive e-Learning Modules on Appropriateness of Imaging Referrals: A Multicenter, Randomized, Crossover Study.', J Am Coll Radiol, vol. 12, pp. 1207 - 1214, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2015.06.026
2015
Shulruf B; Poole P; Jones P; Wilkinson T, 2015, 'The Objective Borderline Method: a probabilistic method for standard setting', Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, vol. 40, pp. 420 - 438, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2014.918088
2015
Shoval E; Zaretzky E; Sharir T; Shulruf B, 2015, 'The impact of free-choice motor activities on children’s balance control', Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 40, pp. 66 - 76
2015
Balasooriya C; Rhee J; Shulruf B; Canalese R; Zwar N, 2015, 'Evaluating the Guideline Enhancement Tool (GET): An innovative clinical training tool to enhance the use of hypertension guidelines in general practice', BMC Medical Education, vol. 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-014-0273-2
2015
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2015, 'Quantitative comparison of cerebral artery development in human embryos with other eutherians', Journal of Anatomy, vol. 227, pp. 286 - 296, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12347
2015
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2014, 'Vestibular development in marsupials and monotremes', Journal of Anatomy, vol. 224, pp. 447 - 458, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12148
2014
Ashwell KWS; Shulruf B, 2014, 'Spinal cord development in marsupials in relation to birthing strategies and in comparison with monotremes and the laboratory rat', Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 31, pp. 152 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08990220.2014.907150
2014
Wearn A; Booth R; Shulruf B, 2014, '‘Taking your baby online’: Evaluation of the transmediation from a paper-based to an electronic portfolio for a longitudinal learning experience in ‘Human Early Life Development’', MedEdPublish, http://dx.doi.org/10.15694/mep.2014.003.0033
2014
Ekeroma AJ; Kenealy T; Shulruf B; McCowan LM; Hill A, 2014, 'Building reproductive health research and audit capacity and activity in the pacific islands (BRRACAP) study: Methods, rationale and baseline results', BMC Medical Education, vol. 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-14-121
2014
Boyle V; Shulruf B; Poole P, 2014, 'Influence of gender and other factors on medical student specialty interest', New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 127, pp. 78 - 87
2014
Shoval E; Sharir T; Shulruf B, 2014, 'The Challenge Kindergarten Model: Integrating Body-Movement and Scaffolding to Keep the Child in the Center and Make Systematic Progress in Learning', Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 42, pp. 279 - 286, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10643-013-0609-2
2014
Shulruf B, 2013, 'The emerging professional: Early clinical students’ views about their learning environment', Education in Medicine Journal, vol. 5, pp. 54 - 60, http://dx.doi.org/10.5959/eimj.v5i1.99
2013
Poole P; Shulruf B, 2013, 'Shaping the future medical workforce: Take care with selection tools', Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 5, pp. 269 - 275
2013
Jones RG; Henning MA; Pinnock R; Shulruf B; Hawken SJ, 2013, 'Medical students' and clinical teachers' perceptions of Māori health teaching', New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 126, pp. 41 - 50
2013
Weller J; Shulruf B; Torrie J; Frengley R; Boyd M; Paul A; Yee B; Dzendrowskyj P, 2013, 'Validation of a measurement tool for self-assessment of teamwork in intensive care', British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 111, pp. 460 - 467, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bja/aet060
2013
Ekeroma AJ; Pollock T; Kenealy T; Shulruf B; Sopoaga F; Montorzi G; McCowan LME; Hill A, 2013, 'Pacific Island publications in the reproductive health literature 2000-2011: With New Zealand as a reference (vol 53, pg 197, 2013)', AUSTRALIAN & NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, vol. 53, pp. 412 - 412, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.12121
2013
Ekeroma A; Pollock T; Kanealy T; Shulruf B; Sopoaga FT; Montorzi G; McCowan L; Hill A, 2013, 'Pacific Island publications in the reproductive health literature 2000-2011: With New Zealand as a reference', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 53, pp. 197 - 202, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.12039
2013
Weller J; Henderson R; Webster CS; Shulruf B; Torrie J; Davies E; Henderson K; Frampton C; Merry AF, 2013, 'Building the evidence on simulation validity: Comparison of anesthesiologists' communication patterns in real and simulated cases', Anesthesiology, vol. 120, pp. 142 - 148, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0b013e3182a44bc5
2013
Hook JN; Worthington EL; Davis DE; Watkins D; Hui E; Luo W; Fu H; Shulruf B; Morris P; Reyna SH, 2013, 'A China-New Zealand comparison of forgiveness', Asian Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 16, pp. 286 - 291, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12033
2013
Jones RG; Henning MA; Pinnock R; Shulruf B; Hawken SJ, 2013, 'Medical students' and clinical teachers' perceptions of Maori health teaching', NEW ZEALAND MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol. 126, pp. 40 - 49, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000421327900006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2013
Wong G; Shulruf B, 2013, 'Admission Model and Equity in Higher Education', The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, vol. 22, pp. 111 - 117, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40299-012-0002-8
2013
Bernardo ABI; Lising RLS; Shulruf B, 2013, 'Validity of Two Language Versions of the Auckland Individualism and Collectivism Scale with Filipino-English Bilinguals', Psychological Studies, vol. 58, pp. 33 - 37, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12646-012-0172-8
2013
Poole P; Shulruf B, 2013, 'Choosing study outcomes: Keeping an eye on the big picture', Medical Education, vol. 47, pp. 645 - 648, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12210
2013
Shulruf B; Turnar R; Poole P; Wilkinson TJ, 2013, 'The Objective Borderline method (OBM): a probability-based model for setting up an objective pass/fail cut-off score for borderline grades in medical education programmes', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 18, pp. 231 - 244, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-012-9367-y
2013
Poole P; Shulruf B; Harley B; Monigatti J; Barrow M; Reid P; Prendergast C; Bagg W, 2012, 'Shedding light on the decision to retain an interview for medical student selection', New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 125, pp. 81 - 88
2012
Van Den Boom M; Pinnock R; Weller J; Reed P; Shulruf B, 2012, 'Paediatric trainee supervision: Management changes and perceived education value', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 48, pp. 567 - 571, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2012.02434.x
2012
Henning MA; Ram S; Malpas P; Shulruf B; Kelly F; Hawken SJ, 2012, 'Academic dishonesty and ethical reasoning:Pharmacy and medical school students in New Zealand', Medical Teacher, vol. 35, pp. e1 - e7, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.737962
2012
Henning M; Pinnock R; Bagg W; Shulruf B; Hawken S, 2012, 'Clinical teachers working in hospitals: a New Zealand perspective', South East Asian Journal of Medical Education
2012
Poole P; Shulruf B; Rudland J; Wilkinson T, 2012, 'Comparison of UMAT scores and GPA in prediction of performance in medical school: A national study', Medical Education, vol. 46, pp. 163 - 171, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2011.04078.x
2012
Shulruf B; Li M; McKimm J; Smith M, 2012, 'Breadth of knowledge vs. grades: What best predicts achievement in the first year of health sciences programmes?', JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2012.9.7
2012
Shulruf B; Poole P; Wang G; Rudland JR; Wilkinson TJ, 2012, 'Some light in the fog?', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 17, pp. 631 - 632, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-012-9413-9
2012
Turner R; Shulruf B; Li M; Yuan J, 2012, 'University admission models that address quality and equity', Asia Pacific Journal of Education, vol. 32, pp. 225 - 239, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2012.684955
2012
Shulruf B; Poole P; Wang GY; Rudland J; Wilkinson T, 2012, 'How well do selection tools predict performance later in a medical programme?', Advances in Health Sciences Education, vol. 17, pp. 615 - 626, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-011-9324-1
2012
Frengley RW; Weller JM; Torrie J; Dzendrowskyj P; Yee B; Paul AM; Shulruf B; Henderson KM, 2011, 'The effect of a simulation-based training intervention on the performance of established critical care unit teams', Critical Care Medicine, vol. 39, pp. 2605 - 2611, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182282a98
2011
Shoval E; Shulruf B, 2011, 'Who benefits from cooperative learning with movement activity?', School Psychology International, vol. 32, pp. 58 - 72, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143034310396806
2011
Shulruf B; Alesi M; Ciochinǎ L; Faria L; Hattie J; Hong F; Pepi AM; Watkins D, 2011, 'Measuring collectivism and individualism in the third millennium', Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 39, pp. 173 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.2.173
2011
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Dixon R, 2011, 'Intertwinement of individualist and collectivist attributes and response sets', Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, vol. 5, pp. 51 - 65, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0099275
2011
Henning MA; Shulruf B; Hawken SJ; Pinnock R, 2011, 'Changing the learning environment: The medical student voice', Clinical Teacher, vol. 8, pp. 83 - 87, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-498X.2011.00439.x
2011
Shulruf B; Wang G, 2011, 'Parent influence on outcomes for children: HIPPY as a cost-effective option', Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, vol. 34, pp. 7 - 20
2011
Pinnock R; Weller J; Shulruf B; Jones R; Reed P; Mizutani S, 2011, 'Why parents and children consent to become involved in medical student teaching', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 47, pp. 204 - 210, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01937.x
2011
Shulruf B; Wang YG; Zhao YJ; Baker H, 2011, 'Rethinking the admission criteria to nursing school', Nurse Education Today, vol. 31, pp. 727 - 732, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2010.11.024
2011
Weller J; Frengley R; Torrie J; Shulruf B; Jolly B; Hopley L; Hendersdon K; Dzendrowskyj P; Yee B; Paul A, 2011, 'Evaluation of an instrument to measure teamwork in multidisciplinary critical care teams', BMJ Quality and Safety, vol. 20, pp. 216 - 222, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs.2010.041913
2011
Henning MA; Shulruf B, 2011, 'Academic achievement: Changes in motivational beliefs and self-regulated learning strategies over time', Psychologia, vol. 54, pp. 135 - 144, http://dx.doi.org/10.2117/psysoc.2011.135
2011
Shulruf B; Alesi M; Ciochina L; Faria L; Hattie J; Hong F; Pepi A-M; Watkins D, 2011, 'Measuring Collectivism and Individualism in the Third Millennium (vol 39, pg 173, 2011)', SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, vol. 39, pp. 795 - 795, http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.6.795
2011
Pinnock R; Shulruf B; Hawken SJ; Henning MA; Jones R, 2011, 'Students' and teachers' perceptions of the clinical learning environment in years 4 and 5 at the university of Auckland', New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 124, pp. 63 - 70
2011
SHULRUF B; WANG G, 2011, 'Parent Influence on Outcomes for Children: HIPPY as a Cost-Effective Option (English version)', Revista de cercetare si interventie sociala, vol. 34, pp. 7 - 20
2011
Henning MA; Krägeloh CU; Hawken SJ; Doherty I; Zhao Y; Shulruf B, 2011, 'Motivation to Learn, Quality of Life and Estimated Academic Achievement: Medical Students Studying in New Zealand', Medical Science Educator, vol. 21, pp. 142 - 150, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03341611
2011
Hawken SJ; Henning MA; Pinnock R; Shulruf B; Bagg W, 2011, 'Clinical teachers working in primary care: What would they like changed in the medical school?', Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 3, pp. 298 - 306
2011
Shulruf B; Balemi A, 2010, 'Risk and preventive factors for fatalities in All-terrain Vehicle Accidents in New Zealand', Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 42, pp. 612 - 618, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2009.10.007
2010
Shulruf B, 2010, 'Do extra-curricular activities in schools improve educational outcomes? A critical review and meta-analysis of the literature', International Review of Education, vol. 56, pp. 591 - 612, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11159-010-9180-x
2010
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Tumen S, 2010, 'New Zealand's standard-based assessment for secondary schools (NCEA): Implications for policy makers', Asia Pacific Journal of Education, vol. 30, pp. 141 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02188791003721598
2010
Shulruf B; Yee B; Lineham B; Fawthorpe L; Johri R; Blumenfeld S, 2010, 'Perceptions, conceptions and misconceptions of organized employment', Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 52, pp. 236 - 241, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00221856093539447
2010
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Tumen S, 2010, 'Quality measures in a modular qualification system and its impact on students at risk', Higher Education Quarterly, vol. 64, pp. 313 - 330, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2273.2010.00461.x
2010
Shulruf B; Keuskamp D; Brake D, 2010, 'The impact of course-taking on academic achievements a systematic review and Meta analysis', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 3401 - 3406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.523
2010
Shulruf B; Tumen S; Hattie J, 2010, 'Student pathways in a New Zealand polytechnic: Key factors for completion', International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education, vol. 2, pp. 67 - 74, http://www.academicjournals.org/app/webroot/article/article1379335892_Shulruf%20et%20al.pdf
2010
Mitchell CJ; Shulruf B; Poole PJ, 2010, 'Relationship between decile score of secondary school, the size of town of origin and career intentions of New Zealand medical students', Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 2, pp. 183 - 189
2010
Poole P; Bourke D; Shulruf B, 2010, 'Increasing medical student interest in general practice in New Zealand: Where to from here?', New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 123, pp. 12 - 19
2010
Poole P; Bagg W; O'Connor B; Dare A; McKimm J; Meredith K; Shulruf B; Reid P, 2010, 'The Northland Regional-Rural program (Pūkawakawa): broadening medical undergraduate learning in New Zealand.', Rural and remote health, vol. 10, pp. 1254
2010
Shulruf B; Turner R; Hattie J, 2009, 'A Dual admission model for equity in higher education: a multi-cohort longitudinal study', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 2416 - 2420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.424
2009
Shulruf B, 2009, 'Theory and practice in the use and interpretation of likert-type scales within a cross-cultural context', Personality Assessment: New Research, pp. 237 - 258
2009
Tolley H; Shulruf B, 2009, 'From data to knowledge: The interaction between data management systems in educational institutions and the delivery of quality education', Computers and Education, vol. 53, pp. 1199 - 1206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2009.06.003
2009
Shulruf B; Woodhams B; Howard C; Johri R; Yee B, 2009, ''Grievance gravy train picking up speed': Myths and reality around employment disputes in New Zealand', Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 51, pp. 245 - 261, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022185608101710
2009
Shulruf B; O'Loughlin C; Tolley H, 2009, 'Parenting education and support policies and their consequences in selected OECD countries', Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 31, pp. 526 - 532, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.10.010
2009
Shulruf B, 2008, 'Employment dispute resolutions in New Zealand: What affect employers' satisfaction?', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, pp. 809 - 809, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000259264309559&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2008
Tumen S; Shulruf B, 2008, 'The effect of student loan schemes on students returning to study', Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, vol. 30, pp. 401 - 414, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13600800802383075
2008
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Dixon R, 2008, 'Factors affecting responses to Likert type questionnaires: Introduction of the ImpExp, a new comprehensive model', Social Psychology of Education, vol. 11, pp. 59 - 78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11218-007-9035-x
2008
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Tumen S, 2008, 'Individual and school factors affecting students' participation and success in higher education', Higher Education, vol. 56, pp. 613 - 632, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-008-9114-8
2008
Shulruf B, 2008, 'The effect of self-awareness intervention programme on children's self-perception and antisocial behaviour', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, pp. 253 - 253, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000259264302803&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2008
Shulruf B, 2008, 'Challenges in contemporary research on the assessment and evaluation of collectivism and individualism', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, pp. 397 - 397, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000259264304694&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2008
Shulruf B; Tumen S; Tolley H, 2008, 'Extracurricular activities in school, do they matter?', Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 30, pp. 418 - 426, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2007.10.012
2008
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Tumen S, 2008, 'The predictability of enrolment and first-year university results from secondary school performance: The New Zealand national certificate of educational achievement', Studies in Higher Education, vol. 33, pp. 685 - 698, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075070802457025
2008
Shulruf B, 2008, 'Challenges in contemporary research on the assessment and evaluation of collectivism and individualism', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, pp. 397 - 397, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000259264304695&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2008
Tumen S; Shulruf B; Hattie J, 2008, 'Student pathways at the university: Patterns and predictors of completion', Studies in Higher Education, vol. 33, pp. 233 - 252, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075070802049145
2008
Shulruf B; Hattie J; Dixon R, 2007, 'Development of a new measurement tool for individualism and collectivism', Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, vol. 25, pp. 385 - 401, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734282906298992
2007
Shulruf B; Morton S; Goodyear-Smith F; O'Loughlin C; Dixon R, 2007, 'Designing multidisciplinary longitudinal studies of human development: Analyzing past research to inform methodology', Evaluation and the Health Professions, vol. 30, pp. 207 - 228, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0163278707304030
2007
Conference Abstracts
add
Pye I; Shulruf B; Whitfeld M, 2019, 'The relationship between scalp hair thinning and greying, with cardiovascular disease', in AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, WILEY, Vol. 60, pp. 81 - 81, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000467967200227&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2019
Stewart T; Connor D; Shulruf B; Tong W; Whitfeld M, 2019, 'Interactions between perceived stress, clinical acne severity and immune markers in university students with acne vulgaris', in AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, WILEY, Vol. 60, pp. 91 - 91, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000467967200253&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
2019
Pye I; Shulruf B; Tefany F; Whitfeld M, 2018, 'An analysis of hair patterns seen in men using both a hair greying and a hair density scale', in AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, WILEY, Vol. 59, pp. 25 - 25, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000431000100072&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2018
Whitfeld M; Pye I; Tefany F; Shulruf B, 2018, 'The next generation of measuring hair density and greying', in AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, WILEY, Vol. 59, pp. 96 - 96, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000431000100267&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2018
Ross J; Greaves J; Earls P; Shulruf B; Van Es SL, 2017, 'The delivery of a non-gynaecological cytopathology external quality assurance program in virtual format (eQAP) – Can whole slide images provide similar diagnostic accuracy when compared to glass slides in an EQA setting?', in Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology, Elsevier, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, presented at American Society of Cytopathology 65th Annual Scientific Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 10 November 2017 - 13 November 2017
2017
Sukhdeo A; Joshua F; Damodaran AK; shulruf , 2016, 'A study on medical students learning ultrasound in rheumatoid arthritis (ASMSLURA)', in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, BMJ Publishing Group, London, Vol. 75, pp. 113 - 113, presented at EULAR 2016 London - Annual European Congress of Rheumatology, London, 08 June 2016 - 11 August 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-eular.6194
2016
Sukhdeo A; Joshua F; Damodaran A; Shulruf B, 2015, 'A STUDY ON MEDICAL STUDENTS LEARNING ULTRASOUND IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (ASMSLURA)', in INTERNAL MEDICINE JOURNAL, WILEY-BLACKWELL, Vol. 45, pp. 23 - 23, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000354320700074&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
2015
Conference Posters
add
Ross J; Greaves J; Earls P; Shulruf B; Van Es SL, 2017, 'The delivery of a non-gynaecological cytopathology external quality assurance program in virtual format (eQAP) – Can whole slide images provide similar diagnostic accuracy when compared to glass slides in an EQA setting?', Phoenix, Arizona, USA, presented at American Society of Cytopathology 65th Annual Scientific Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 10 November 2017 - 13 November 2017
2017
Balasooriya C; Rhee J; Olupeliyawa A; Zwar N; Shulruf B; Canalese R; Jabbour V, 2016, 'The experience of using the Scrip Concordance Test in educational research.', Perth, Australia, presented at ANZAHPE - OTTAWA 2016 Joint Conference, Perth, Australia, 19 March 2016 - 23 March 2016, https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/363deb_3fc11e0e465046a0a2339f92f7a78993.pdf
2016
Book Chapters
add
Boocock M; Hannif Z; Jamieson S; Ryan Lamare J; Lamm F; Martin C; McDonnell N; Robertson C; Schweder P; Shulruf B, 2016, 'Occupational health and safety of migrant workers: An international concern', in Vulnerable Workers: Health, Safety and Well-being, pp. 121 - 144
2016
Wang GY; Shulruf B, 2014, 'Enhancing parental practices to mitigate socioeconomic disadvantages faced by children', in Youth and Adversity: Psychology and Influences of Child and Adolescent Resilience and Coping, pp. 251 - 261
2014
Conference Presentations
add
Thompson RE; Shulruf B, 2016, 'On the Verge: the tipping point to transformation in statistical threshold concept', presented at 6th Biennial Threshold Concepts Conference: Thresholds on the Edge., Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 16 June 2016 - 17 June 2016, http://www.dal.ca/dept/clt/events-news/Threshold_Concepts/program3/C3_2130a.html
2016
Damodaran A; Jones P; Shulruf B, 'Risk and vulnerability in clinical teaching: a qualitative study', presented at AMEE 2018, Congress Center Basel, Switzerland, 25 August 2018 - 28 August 2018

2016-2017 Australian Council for Educational Research “Minimising ‘false positive’ in medical student selection” $39,744 (Chief Investigator).

2016-2017 Australian Council for Educational Research ‘A Multi-Centre study to determine the utility of Situational Judgement Tests in undergraduate medical student selection in Australia’ $100,000 (Co-investigator)

2016-2017 Department of Education and Training, “Equity and Medical Education (EME) – what are the “sticking points” in the application and admissions processes of undergraduate medical schools that affect entry of students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds into medicine? $98.015,25(Co-Lead Investigator)

2015-2016 Australian Council for Educational Research “Maximizing the utility of UMAT and other medical admission tools” $37,556 (Chief Investigator)

2015-2016 Australian Council for Educational Research “Selection in a school leaver population: Comparing three different processes in one pool of applicants” $64,665 (Co-investigator)

2015-2016 UNSW Strategic Educational Development Grant Standards-based assessment: from outcomes to performance standards and tracking growth $297,000 (Co-investigator)

2013-2014 Heart Foundation Australia, Vanguard Grant, "Enhancing the use of Hypertension Guidelines in General Practice”, AU$75,000 (Co-investigator)

2013-2014 UNSW Mini-Grants for Projects on Student Success, Time-management Apps & Student Success, AU$4000 (Co-investigator)

2010-2011 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists“The impact of assessment on life and learning.”(Associate- Investigator) total value NZ$ 22,800

2010-2011 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists“The effectiveness of video-based training to improve teamwork behaviours in acute care: a randomised controlled trial.” (Co-Chief Investigator) total value NZ$50,000

2010-2011 Waitamata District Health Board: Evaluation of Behavioural Changes in Health Practitioners Who Participated in the WDHB Cross Cultural Training Course (in collaboration with GFU), total value NZ$101,140 (Principal Investigator)

2009-2010 University of Hong Kong: Small Project funding, “Conceptual changes of Mainland Chinese research students in domestic, sibling, foreign cultural environments”; total value HK$ 44,600 (Co-investigator)

2009-2010 Ministry of Education (Israel) and Givat Washington Academic College of Education (Israel): "The influence of experiencing movement and of a kindergarten teacher' mediating in the area of self-efficacy, frustration and cooperation on cognitive and psycho-motor achievements of children.” total value NIS55,000 (Co-investigator).

2009-2010 Ministry of Education and Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (Israel):"Impact of physical activity intervention on bone density of schoolchildren"; total value NIS55,000 (Co-investigator).

2006 Parenting Council NZ: Research project Parenting Education and Support: A Review of Policy and Programmes in Selected OECD Countries; total value NZ$10,000 (Principal Investigator)

Standard setting in educational assessment: Pass/fail decision making over borderline grades;

Medical student selection and university admission policies;

Development of observational tools for measuring individuals and teams performance;

Assessment within cross cultural contexts;

Student perceptions of learning environment and learning experiences;

Assessing educational impacts and clinical performance;

Higher Educdation;